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Séminaire du CIMMUL – Vincent Thibeault

avril 19 @ 13 h 30 min - 14 h 30 min

The low-rank hypothesis of complex systems

Vincent Thibeault

 

Résumé

Behind the blur caused by the high-dimensional nonlinear dynamics and the intricate organization of complex systems, hide essential mechanisms that explain the emergence of macroscopic phenomena. To uncover those mechanisms, it has been common practice for researchers to model complex systems using dynamics that depend upon low-rank matrices describing the networks of interactions—what we call the low-rank hypothesis. We present three indicators of the low-rank hypothesis and evidence of its ubiquity among random network models used in various fields of study, ranging from network science and machine learning to neuroscience. We then verify the hypothesis for real networks of various origins and use our observations to examine the repercussions of the low-rank hypothesis on nonlinear dynamics. In particular, we show that having networks described by low (effective) rank matrices enables the dimension reduction of the nonlinear dynamics they support. As a surprise, we find that higher-order interactions emerge naturally from an optimal dimension reduction, which demonstrates the profound interplay between the description dimension of a complex system and the possibility of having higher-order interactions.

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Le séminaire aura lieu au local 3820 du pavillon Alexandre-Vachon et en ligne.

Pour rejoindre la réunion Zoom :
https://ulaval.zoom.us/j/62680136430?pwd=eldBYjdNTG5QR2VxTTFqbVM4UGVRZz09

Meeting ID: 626 8013 6430
Passcode: 693150

Détails

Date :
avril 19
Heure :
13 h 30 min - 14 h 30 min
Catégorie d’Évènement:

Organisateur

CIMMUL

Lieu

Pavillon Vachon
1045 Avenue de la Médecine
Québec, Québec G1V 0A6 Canada
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